If you’ve spent any time looking at different hot tub types , you’ve likely noticed that all hot tubs can be divided into two major categories: 110V and 220V.
But what’s the difference between 110V and 220V hot tubs, and which is right for you? In general, the difference between 110V and 220V hot tubs can be summed up as follows.
110V hot tubs:
- Require no additional wiring or electric work.
- Can be set up quickly.
- Cost less than 220V hot tubs.
- Don’t heat up as quickly as 220V hot tubs.
- Can easily lose heat and jet pressure.
220V hot tubs:
- May require additional wiring or electric work.
- Take longer to set up.
- Cost more than 110V hot tubs.
- Heat much more quickly than 110V hot tubs.
- Can maintain heat and jet pressure.
Let’s take a closer look at those differences so you can find out which option is best for you.
110V Hot Tub Pros and Cons
As you probably guessed already, 110V hot tubs are hot tubs that need 110 volts to operate.
110V hot tubs come with a number of benefits that have earned them plenty of fans.
- Can be immediately plugged into any standard U.S. power outlet.
- Don’t require additional hardwiring or electrical work.
- Are suitable for use on rental properties.
- Can be set up and run extremely quickly.
- Can be more easily moved between different locations.
- Cost less than 220V hot tubs.
- Are available with many of the same features as 220V hot tubs.
However, 110V hot tubs also have a unique set of drawbacks.
- Take longer to heat up than 220V hot tubs.
- Can struggle to power features like jets, lights and waterfalls simultaneously.
- Can have inconsistent jet pressure.
- Can struggle to maintain your chosen water temperature, especially in colder climates or when the cover is removed.
220V Hot Tub Pros and Cons
As their name would suggest, 220V hot tubs require twice the electricity of their 110V counterparts.
Although this might sound like a downside, 220V hot tubs have a slew of desirable features.
- Can quickly heat and reheat.
- Can effortlessly power multiple features at once, such as jets, lights, waterfalls and even built-in speaker systems or HDTVs.
- Are able to more effectively retain heat in colder temperatures or when the cover is removed.
- Provide powerful and consistent jet pressure.
- Are available in larger sizes than 110V hot tubs.
On the other hand, 220V hot tubs have some downsides.
- Are more expensive than 110V hot tubs.
- May require additional hardwiring or electrical work.
- Aren’t usually suitable for use on rental properties.
- Are more difficult to move between locations.
- Take longer to install.
- Consume more energy.
Is a 110V or 220V Hot Tub Right for You?
If you’re still having trouble deciding whether you should purchase a 110V hot tub or a 220V hot tub, use these guidelines to help you choose.
A 110V hot tub is likely the best choice for you if:
- You want the easiest setup and installation process possible.
- You don’t want to pay for additional electrical work.
- You live on a rental property or want a hot tub that’s easier to move.
- You live in a fairly warm climate.
- You don’t mind if your hot tub takes a while to heat up.
- You don’t mind if your hot tub isn’t able to run multiple features simultaneously.
- You’re not willing to spend more money on a 220V hot tub.
- You want to use as little electricity as possible.
- You don’t mind having a hot tub with a smaller capacity.
Alternatively, a 220V hot tub is probably right for you if:
- You want your hot tub to heat up as quickly as possible.
- You want your hot tub to retain heat as efficiently as possible.
- You want your hot tub to be able to run multiple features simultaneously.
- You’re looking for the best jet pressure possible.
- You’re a homeowner.
- You live in a colder climate.
- You don’t mind spending more than you would for a 110V hot tub.
- You’re willing to pay for any additional electrical work.
- You don’t mind using more electricity than you would with a 110V hot tub.
- You want a hot tub with a generous capacity.
Or, use this handy table to help you narrow down your decision:
| 110V Hot Tubs ||220V Hot Tubs|
|May require additional electrical work||No||Yes|
|Quick, easy installation||Yes||No|
|Can accommodate large groups||No||Yes|
|Retains heat well||No||Yes|
|Can heat up quickly, even in cold weather||No||Yes|
|Uses as little energy as possible||Yes||No|
|Can easily power multiple features at the same time||No||Yes|
|Is as budget-friendly as possible||Yes||No|
|Maintains high jet pressure||No||Yes|
|Can be more easily moved between locations||Yes||No|
While it may seem difficult to choose between a 110V hot tub and a 220V hot tub, if you take the time to evaluate your preferences and needs then you’re sure to settle on a hot tub you’ll love.